SPIRITUALIST. - One who occupies himself with spiritualism; a partisan of
spiritualism. Whoever believes that there is in the universe something which is not
matter is a spiritualist, but spiritualism does not necessarily imply a belief in the
manifestations of spirits. Every spiritist is necessarily a spiritualist, but every
spiritualist is not necessarily a spiritist; the materialist is neither the one nor the other.
We say, "the spiritualist philosophy," as the antithesis of "theoretic materialism;" "A
work embodying spiritualist ideas," as the opposite of "a work embodying materialistic
ideas." We say, "Spiritist manifestations are produced by the action of spirits on
matter;" "spiritist morality is the result of teachings given by spirits."
spiritualists who ridicule the spiritist belief."
In these examples, the employment of the word spiritualist for spiritist would